Sunday, August 1, 2021

The Founders Series

 Over the last four months, I've researched and written four pieces about the first 25 years after the Declaration of Independence,  looking for some common themes, such as creating a new nation without having a shared understanding of what it meant and how it would be governed, the time political parties, the emergence of political parties and intense partisanship, the retirement of George Washington and the elections of John Adams and, then, Thomas Jefferson.  Several people have asked for all the links to be put one place.  Here they are, all as originally published in

The Founders Flounder 

"There was a time when we had no political parties. It was brief, like the glow of a firefly on a warm late summer evening, but it occurred. There were no political parties at the time of the American Revolution, or when the newly freed colonies joined in the Articles of Confederation."

The Founders Flounder: Adams Agonistes

"John Adams was not the kind of man who easily agreed, and it showed. Nor was he the kind of man who found others agreeable. Few have accomplished so much in life while gaining so little satisfaction from it. "

The Founders Fight: Adams Goes Home

"March 4, 1800. John Adams, Second President of the United States (and first President to be defeated for reelection) was leaving Washington on the 4:00 a.m. stagecoach to Baltimore, the first stop on his way back home to his beloved home and his wife Abigail. He would not be in attendance when, later that day, his successor (and former Vice President), Thomas Jefferson, would take the Oath of Office and deliver his Inaugural Address."

Sunrise At Monticello 

"We are all Republicans; we are all Federalists. —Thomas Jefferson, March 4, 1801"

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For links to the 3Q pieces at